What are the first signs
of PCOS? There could be many PCOS symptoms. Sometimes you may have symptoms
around the first menstrual cycle or after a few periods. Some of the common
PCOS symptoms are:
- Irregular menstrual
cycles Women with PCOS may have fewer periods than women without PCOS. They may
have delayed periods after a few weeks or after 21 days or may not have periods
- Overgrowth of hair in
places where men usually have hair. This is also termed hirsutism. This
condition can be found in almost 70% of women with PCOS.
- Acne on the face, chest,
and upper back.
- Hair loss or thinning of
hair; male pattern baldness
- Overweight or having
difficulty losing weight
- Darkening of the skin in
areas like neck creases, in the groin, and underneath breasts.
- Skin tags are like small
flaps in the armpits or the neck area.
Causes of PCOS:
exact causes of PCOS are not known. However, it is expected that many factors
are responsible for PCOS:
- Androgens are male
hormones present in the body. Though, a female body produces low levels of
androgen. Androgen controls the development of male traits like male-patterned
baldness. Females with PCOS have high levels of androgen. The higher the number
of androgens, the ovaries in women will not produce eggs. This can cause acne
and extra hair growth.
- High insulin levels are
also believed to be a cause of PCOS. Insulin is responsible for the conversion
of food into energy. Insulin resistance is when the cells don’t react well to
insulin. A hair mineral analysis
diagnoses the magnesium level in the body. Insulin resistance happens when
there is a magnesium deficiency in the body. This causes the insulin blood
levels to become higher. Women with PCOS have insulin resistance. Especially
women who have obese, overweight, or have diabetes have insulin resistance. In
a later stage, PCOS leads to type 2 diabetes in women.
Just because you have PCOS doesn’t mean you
can’t get pregnant. PCOS is an infertility condition that stops the ovaries
from producing eggs. This condition is treatable.
PCOS and pregnancy are interrelated. Women
with PCOS find it hard to get pregnant. The hormonal imbalance caused due to
the prevention of eggs forming from ovaries causes PCOS. PCOS treatment, apart
from medicine, includes a PCOS diet and other lifestyle changes.
PCOS and other associated health problems:
- More than half the women
with PCOS have diabetes before age 40.
- Women with PCOS have more
chances of having high blood pressure compared to women of the same age who
don’t have PCOS. High blood pressure could lead to severe conditions like
stroke and heart disease.
- Women with PCOS have high
LDL (bad) cholesterol and low HDL (good) cholesterol levels. High cholesterol
levels could lead to heart disease and stroke.
- Women with PCOS have
sleep apnea. This means the momentary stops in breathing, which interrupts
sleep. Women who are overweight or have obesity could have sleep apnea. Sleep
apnea could lead to heart disease and stroke.
- Symptoms of depression
and anxiety can also be seen in women with PCOS.
- Endometrial cancer.
Problems like sleep apnea, insulin resistance, obesity, and diabetes could
increase the risk of developing endometrium cancer.
- Hair loss is also found
in women with PCOS.
- PCOS weight loss is also
Diagnosis of PCOS:
is no specific test to diagnose PCOS. To diagnose PCOS and rule out other
causes for the symptoms, your doctor may talk to you about your medical history
and do a few physical tests.
For example, hair mineral analysis
could help diagnose magnesium deficiency which causes insulin resistance, one
of the causes of PCOS. Magnesium deficiency could also cause low infertility in
- Your doctor may do a
physical test. For example, your doctor may check your blood pressure and body
mass index. They may look for extra hair on your face or other parts. Your
doctor will also look for hair loss or signs of other health conditions.
- Your doctor may do a
pelvic exam to see the number of male hormones and check if your ovaries are
- Your doctor may do a
pelvic ultrasound to check your ovaries for cysts and also check for
How to cure PCOS symptoms:
cure PCOS permanently is a question that many people ask. There is no cure for
PCOS, but you can manage the symptoms. After seeing signs of PCOS, you and your
doctor should work on a treatment plan along with the risk of long-term health
problems like diabetes and heart disease. Hair mineral analysis can
also diagnose selenium levels in the body. A deficiency in selenium, magnesium,
and potassium causes PCOS in women.
take the following steps at home to battle symptoms of PCOS:
- Losing weight. Healthy
eating habits and regular physical exercise help relieve PCOS symptoms. In
addition, it could lower blood glucose levels and make your body react
differently to insulin. Even losing 10% of your body weight can make your
menstrual cycle regular. A PCOS diet also helps while treating this ailment.
- Removing hair. You can
use facial hair removal creams, laser hair removal treatments, or electrolysis
to remove extra hair growth.
- Slowing hair growth. A
prescription skin treatment can slow down your hair growth in unwanted areas.
with these measures, which you can take at home, certain medicines will help
cure PCOS symptoms. These medicines are anti-androgen medicines, metformin,
following these methods and consulting with a doctor, one can take the proper
measures to treat PCOS and minimize its effect on the body.